Other Question

Question 1 (2.5 points)

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In Ms. Chen’s two-year-old room, Brendan is working hard to build a block tower. The tower falls each time Brendan tries to stack the third block onto the second block. After three tries, Brendan throws the blocks wildly and begins to scream and cry. Which one of the following statements about Brendan is TRUE?

Question 1 options:

a)

Brendan is having trouble regulating his emotions.

b)

Brendan is not cognitively ready to stack blocks.

c)

Brendan does not have the gross motor skills to stack blocks.

d)

Brendan is not playing with an age-appropriate toy.

Question 2 (2.5 points)

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A child _________ should NOT be considered a discipline problem.

Question 2 options:

a)

bullying other students

b)

rolling his eyes

c)

sticking out her tongue

d)

wetting their pants

Question 3 (2.5 points)

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Kayla has very low self-esteem. She misbehaves often and is rejected by other classmates. Her teacher, Mr. Vickers, has decided to work hard to give Kayla positive feedback whenever possible. What can Mr. Vickers expect to happen first when he begins this approach?

Question 3 options:

a)

Kayla’s behavior will worsen.

b)

Kayla will stop talking to Mr. Vickers.

c)

Kayla will be kind to Mr. Vickers.

d)

Kayla will cry frequently.

Question 4 (2.5 points)

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Preparing to meet long-term goals for children’s social and emotional development requires teachers to observe children’s behavior. The most common forms of observation for these purposes are written records, __________, event sampling, and time sampling.

Question 4 options:

a)

anecdotal note-taking

b)

videotapes

c)

audiotapes

d)

photographs

Question 5 (2.5 points)

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Which one of the following ideas will NOT help children to feel personal ownership in their classroom?

Question 5 options:

a)

Giving children the right to label works in progress, such as block structures, with their name

b)

Labeling a child’s school supplies with his or her name

c)

Allowing a child to play with all of the blocks for 25 minutes each day

d)

Giving each child a designated desk or table spot

Question 6 (2.5 points)

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Nora has been to the clinic three days this week with a stomachache. The nurse lets her lie down for ten minutes and then Nora seems fine and heads back to class. Which of the following is MOST likely causing Nora’s problem?

Question 6 options:

a)

A stomach virus

b)

The flu

c)

Another child upsetting her

d)

A need for attention

Question 7 (2.5 points)

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Real choices are:

Question 7 options:

a)

given to provide a chance to satisfy the child’s need for control.

b)

chosen to grow the child’s critical-thinking skills.

c)

determined by the adult and child together.

d)

chosen to get the child to always cooperate.

Question 8 (2.5 points)

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Knowing what to expect, having consistent limits, and having a reliable organization for materials all lead to _______________, helping to keep children safe.

Question 8 options:

a)

predictability

b)

security

c)

stress

d)

evaluation

Question 9 (2.5 points)

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Hitting, kicking, biting, and spitting can be an indication that a child is having trouble with emotional regulation skills or that she needs help with __________ skills.

Question 9 options:

a)

cognitive

b)

physical

c)

language

d)

gross motor

Question 10 (2.5 points)

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When communication is undeveloped, all of the following strategies can help EXCEPT:

Question 10 options:

a)

having a cool down period.

b)

scaffolding each child as needed.

c)

discouraging the child to use art.

d)

role playing.

Question 11 (2.5 points)

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Mr. Goldstein is working on a cooking project with his first grade class. While some children chop apples with plastic knives, five children at a time are working with Mr. Goldstein to mix a piecrust. Each child at the table is getting a turn to mix the crust with their fingers. Jindira is mixing when Kim gets impatient and pushes Jindira to the side so she can have her turn. According to constructive discipline, an appropriate consequence for Kim would be to send her:

Question 11 options:

a)

to time out for five minutes and then allow her to have a turn.

b)

back to apple chopping and tell her she has lost her turn.

c)

back to apple chopping after she has apologized to Molly.

d)

back to apple chopping and tell her she may return when she is ready to wait for her turn.

Question 12 (2.5 points)

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When children have arguments about sharing toys, it is usually because young children have:

Question 12 options:

a)

undeveloped cognitive skills.

b)

irrational thinking patterns.

c)

undeveloped social skills.

d)

undeveloped language skills.

Question 13 (2.5 points)

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All of the following are appropriate ways to evaluate a child EXCEPT:

Question 13 options:

a)

individual formative assessments.

b)

authentic feedback.

c)

weekly child-teacher conferences.

d)

traditional methods of assessment.

Question 14 (2.5 points)

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Mary is conducting story-time with her pre-kindergarten class. She is having trouble with seven or eight children who are not sitting still and are not listening to the story. Mary has tried several “I messages” and reinforcing messages to those who are seated. What is the BEST way for Mary to handle this problem?

Question 14 options:

a)

Remove the disruptive children from story time to a calming area until they are ready to listen.

b)

Stop reading the story and have the children go sit at the tables for a more exciting letter activity.

c)

Continue with the story and ignore the interruptions as long as the other children can hear.

d)

Stop reading and play an energetic game or sing an action song.

Question 15 (2.5 points)

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For children to feel secure in their environment, there must be limits and behavior expectations, or guidelines. Two classroom guidelines children can easily remember are to be kind and:

Question 15 options:

a)

safe.

b)

careful.

c)

take care of people and things.

d)

a good listener.

Question 16 (2.5 points)

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When children are begging to help clean up, be the line leader, be the homework helper, and overall have a chance to shine in their classroom, their teacher has made them feel:

Question 16 options:

a)

helpful.

b)

needed.

c)

loved.

d)

significant.

Question 17 (2.5 points)

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Lying, stealing, and cheating are all signs of:

Question 17 options:

a)

emotional immaturity.

b)

lack of understanding.

c)

social withdrawal.

d)

developmental delay.

Question 18 (2.5 points)

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Trust is formed:

Question 18 options:

a)

outside the classroom.

b)

in the teen years.

c)

in the first years of life.

d)

by age 10.

Question 19 (2.5 points)

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Spencer, a three-year-old, is refusing to get dressed for the day. His mother, Melanie, is late for work already and she needs Spencer to cooperate. Which set of choices would be appropriate for Melanie to give Spencer that would meet his obvious need for power?

Question 19 options:

a)

“You may choose to put your clothes on by yourself or Mommy will do it for you.”

b)

“If you are choosing not to get dressed, you are choosing to have a time out.”

c)

“Which shirt are you going to wear today, the green or the blue?”

d)

“When do you want to get dressed―now or in ten minutes?”

Question 20 (2.5 points)

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Which one of the following statements about lying is TRUE?

Question 20 options:

a)

Young children often lie because they are confused between what is real and pretend.

b)

Young children cannot be held accountable for lying since they cannot understand the term.

c)

Young children who get fact and fantasy mixed up become adults who lie.

d)

Young children can be taught to tell the truth by giving them natural consequences for lying.

Question 21 (2.5 points)

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Many children who are exposed to violence withdraw from all interactions. As a teacher, you should try any of the following strategies EXCEPT:

Question 21 options:

a)

having plenty of large-group activities.

b)

letting them play the lead role in one-on-one activities, such as buddy reading.

c)

teaching conflict resolution skills.

d)

providing many opportunities to work in a small group.

Question 22 (2.5 points)

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The intentional instruction level of the three tiers of support may involve all of the following EXCEPT:

Question 22 options:

a)

games to increase attention span.

b)

brain exercises.

c)

organizational skills.

d)

a small-group setting.

Question 23 (2.5 points)

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Children affected by divorce or separation may:

Question 23 options:

a)

not have a fear of abandonment.

b)

be more secure in their attachment to others.

c)

blame their parents.

d)

be less secure in their attachment to others.

Question 24 (2.5 points)

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Emotional abuse may include all of the following EXCEPT:

Question 24 options:

a)

name-calling.

b)

slapping.

c)

rejection.

d)

isolation.

Question 25 (2.5 points)

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Why are children from minorities more likely to be referred to the principal?

Question 25 options:

a)

It is school policy.

b)

Peers are more likely to tattle on them.

c)

There is a mismatch with the teacher’s values.

d)

None of the above

Question 26 (2.5 points)

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Providing them with a soft, calming place in the classroom; making sure they know what to expect in their school day; and spending extra one-on-one time with them are ALL ways to help children who have:

Question 26 options:

a)

experienced the death of a parent.

b)

chronic health problems.

c)

been abused.

d)

witnessed community violence.

Question 27 (2.5 points)

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Calling out children in pairs, providing materials to be shared, and think-share-pair activities are ways to:

Question 27 options:

a)

teach sharing.

b)

promote good behavior.

c)

observe differences.

d)

encourage friendships.

Question 28 (2.5 points)

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According to your text, ______ percent of children who die from abuse are under the age of 4.

Question 28 options:

a)

3

b)

25

c)

60

d)

80

Question 29 (2.5 points)

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Children undergo many significant changes in their daily life when their parents separate or divorce. These changes often leave children feeling less secure in their attachment to others, which often results in:

Question 29 options:

a)

outward silliness.

b)

nightmares.

c)

a fear of abandonment.

d)

aggressive classroom behavior.

Question 30 (2.5 points)

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In this state of attention, children are drawn to a novelty item or surprise and are often more focused. Teachers use this to grab students’ attention at the beginning of lessons.

Question 30 options:

a)

Attention to nature

b)

Selective attention

c)

Attention to things of interest

d)

Attention for survival

Question 31 (2.5 points)

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One of the BEST ways to discover children’s special talents is:

Question 31 options:

a)

let them help others.

b)

offer them activity choices.

c)

observe them at various required activities.

d)

pair them with more skilled students.

Question 32 (2.5 points)

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When asking a child to complete a task, teachers should try to be specific and:

Question 32 options:

a)

speak very slowly and quietly.

b)

avoid using his or her name.

c)

use jargon the child can relate to.

d)

say the important information at the end of the sentence.

Question 33 (2.5 points)

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It is important to help children with chronic illnesses and extended absences stay connected to their classroom and their peers because:

Question 33 options:

a)

friendships are critical for these children’s social and emotional development.

b)

their parents are not teachers.

c)

they will not learn anything at home.

d)

having a relationship with a teacher is important.

Question 34 (2.5 points)

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The two components of self-esteem that teachers need to help develop are:

Question 34 options:

a)

self-resilience and self-confidence.

b)

self-respect and self-worth.

c)

self-worth and self-confidence.

d)

resilience and risk-taking.

Question 35 (2.5 points)

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Many children who have experienced trauma question their competence and self-worth. This makes it important for teachers to:

Question 35 options:

a)

fix all of their students’ mistakes.

b)

show their students the correct way to do things.

c)

have a peer helper to fix other student’s projects.

d)

promote a “can-do” attitude in the classroom.

Question 36 (2.5 points)

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A goal should be for the child to become self-___________ at school, not simply to obey for a reward.

Question 36 options:

a)

governing

b)

reliant

c)

assured

d)

sufficient

Question 37 (2.5 points)

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The prevention level of the three tiers of support may involve all of the following EXCEPT:

Question 37 options:

a)

a confined space.

b)

a stress ball to squeeze.

c)

a small ball to sit on.

d)

room to wiggle.

Question 38 (2.5 points)

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_____________ is what allows us to stay focused on a specific task while ignoring other distractions.

Question 38 options:

a)

Selective attention

b)

Attention for survival

c)

Positive attention

d)

Attention to things of interest

Question 39 (2.5 points)

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Manuel, a five-year-old child, is often inattentive. He has trouble sitting still for more than a minute in circle activities where his attention is required. Which solution would be MOST helpful for Manuel?

Question 39 options:

a)

Having him sit on a ball or one-legged stool during circle time.

b)

Giving him another activity to do during circle time, such as reading.

c)

Having him play by himself in the play area during circle time.

d)

Having a one-on-one discussion with him about his problem.

Question 40 (2.5 points)

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Viewing children from a strengths-based perspective means:

Question 40 options:

a)

using children’s strengths to plan the curriculum.

b)

using the strengths of some of the children to help others.

c)

believing in a child’s abilities to succeed even in the face of adversity.

d)

using a strong speaking voice and firm actions to help guide behavior.

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