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Florida’s Policies On Access To Contraception And Abortion For Women

Adis Medina

Throughout the US, abortions present a tremendous medical challenge. One of the primary reasons for this is the correlation between the accessibility of abortions and infant and maternal mortality rates. Therefore, this essay will discuss the prevailing laws and statistics on this subject to find whether these data are interconnected.

Florida laws on abortion and their amendments are numerous. However, “Florida’s unconstitutional and unenforceable law makes any abortion procedure that falls within a broad definition a felony, unless necessary to preserve the life of a woman endangered by a physical disorder, physical illness, or physical injury and every reasonable precaution is taken to preserve the life of the fetus” (Fla. Stat. Ann. §§ 782.30 to .36 (Enacted 2000), as cited by “Florida State Laws,” 2020). It is specifically essential that, even in case of danger described by this law, only those women who have an insurance or a sufficient amount of finance can access this service. Thus, one can expect increased infant and maternal mortality rates among the least wealthy populations.

Dividing the statistics by racial criteria, one can achieve effective evaluation. According to Hodnett & Fredericks, infant mortality in Florida is the highest among the black population (10.7), with Asians, Hispanics, and white ranking from 5.1 to 4.9 (2003). As it is traditionally considered that the black community is also the poorest one, the correlation is evident.

Thus, one can conclude that, in the state of Florida, infant and maternal death rates directly correlate with abortion availability. More specifically, abortion is banned, and in the case of emergency, it is only the part of the treatment that can be guaranteed either by insurance or by finance. Therefore, the most impoverished population of Florida, that of the African American race, is affected the most.


Florida State Laws. (2020). Retrieved January 27, 2020, from…

Hodnett, E., & Fredericks, S. (2003). Support during Pregnancy for Women at Increased Risk of Low Birthweight Babies (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 3. doi: doi:10.1002/14651858.CD000198


Nosa Erhabor

The converging policies concerning contraceptives and abortion in Florida are well rebounded in the various debates in other states as well as the national level. The state legislation limiting access to contraceptives and abortion continues to be introduced. Limiting abortion access would mean that the politicians are in for policies that usually help women to avoid unintended pregnancy. However, a senior policymaker in the Guttmacher Institute has legislation that seeks women’s right to abortion services is protected. In this paper, I will majorly look at the state’s maternal and infant mortality rates as well as the factors associated.

The infant mortality rate, which stands for the number of dead infants per 1,000 live births, is a critical marker for the overall health in society. In Florida, infant mortality is estimated to be around 5.8 per 1,000 births (Callaghan, MacDorman, Shapiro-Mendoza, & Barfield, 2017). The major cause for this has not yet changed in the recent past years despite the scientific research conducted and the increased parental care. Infant mortality rate can be

attributed to various factors from accidents, birth defects, as well as infections. The causes include; low birth weight and preterm birth where the kids have trouble in fighting infections as their immune system is not fully formed. Congenital defects affect the baby’s function. Also, sudden infant death syndrome is another cause. Additionally, pregnancy complications, among others.

Maternal mortality rate, which is the number of registered women death due to giving birth or pregnancy complications, has doubled over the past 25 years. It is estimated in Florida that there are 24 maternal mortalities per every 1,000 live births (MacDorman, Declercq, Cabral, & Morton, 2016). This rate has been too high due to complications that can be prevented. The factors causing maternal mortality can be direct or indirect, and they include; postpartum bleeding, obstetric infection, ectopic pregnancy, embolism, among others. Most of these causes can be prevented if well catered for, thus, it is recommendable to avoid some of the cause


Callaghan, W. M., MacDorman, M. F., Shapiro-Mendoza, C. K., & Barfield, W. D. (2017). Explaining the recent decrease in US infant mortality rate, 2007–2013. American journal of obstetrics and Gynecology, 216(1), 73-e1.

MacDorman, M. F., Declercq, E., Cabral, H., & Morton, C. (2016). Is the United States maternal mortality rate increasing? Disentangling trends from measurement issues short title: US Maternal Mortality Trends. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 128(3), 447.


Yulier Rodriguez-Medina

Spirituality and Decision-Making

Numerous medical attendants are not sure about tending to this part of care, yet the profound needs of patients have a crucial job in nursing and recuperation, state Lisa Pullen and partners

Nursing research has demonstrated that dealing with the profound needs of administration clients is a basic piece of all encompassing practice, and is altogether identified with physical and mental wellbeing, clinical results and personal satisfaction. This article talks about the pertinence of otherworldliness to nursing practice and training, especially in the field of psychological wellness, and to nursing research. t likewise portrays and a few instruments that can be utilized to survey otherworldliness.

Being available to the individual and listening deferentially are frequently the most significant factors in endeavoring to give such needs. Be that as it may, numerous attendants don’t feel enough arranged to survey and recognize these requirements, and they are ineffectively resourced to give intercessions. This has huge ramifications for nursing training and associations. Further research is expected to advance a superior comprehension of otherworldliness and profound consideration in nursing. This could likewise empower fitting nursing intercessions to be planned and executed, curricular materials and chances to be created and skillful instructing and supervision to be completed.

Otherworldliness might be a dynamic in the patient’s comprehension of the infection. For instance, when I was an occupant I saw a multi year-elderly person whose spouse had quite recently left her. She discovered that her significant other had AIDS, and she requested to be tried. At the point when I met with her to disclose to her that the test outcome returned constructive, I attempted to clarify that her disease was analyzed early and that there had been late advances in the treatment of HIV that were permitting individuals to live longer with their sickness. She continued alluding to God and regarding why God was doing this to her. I perceived that we weren’t interfacing, so I got some information about her remarks. She continued to enlighten me concerning being assaulted as a young person and having a premature birth. In her conviction framework, that wasn’t right. I recollect her definite words: “I have been hanging tight for the discipline, and this is it.” She would not like to talk about treatment or preventive consideration, for example, inoculation. I urged her to see a clergyman, which she did routinely. Meanwhile, I continued seeing her, and I conversed with her about her issues of blame and discipline just as some instruction about HIV. Yet, it was not until 1 year later that she was eager to look for treatment. She required time to work out her own issues of blame before having the option to acknowledge her ailment and manage it. Presently, she discloses to me that had I not tended to her otherworldly issues in that first visit, she could never have come back to see me or some other doctor.

In numerous patients’ lives, profound or strict convictions may influence the choices they make about their wellbeing and ailment and the treatment decisions they make. It is important that we as doctors and medicinal services suppliers tune in to all parts of our patients’ lives that can influence their basic leadership and their adapting abilities.


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