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# KAU Supply Chain Configuration Excel Problems

KAU Supply Chain Configuration Excel Problems

Consider a supply chain configuration problem with the following four stages.

The parameters for the supply chain are provided in the table below:

 Cycle service level 0.98 z-value 2.05 Horizon length (periods) 52 Holding cost rate 35% Average demand per period 100 Standard Deviation of Demand per period 180

Each stage functions can be satisfied with two options: a slow option or a fast option. The details of these options are provided below:

 Stage 1 (RM) Stage 2 (CM) Stage 3 (FM) Stage 4 (Dist) Slow option’s cost $140$100 $200$30 Slow option’s lead time 90 20 30 20 Fast option’s cost $200$125 $250$45 Fast option’s lead time 20 5 20 5

Answer the following questions about the formulation of this supply chain configuration problem.

Please note: Stage 4 must quote an outgoing service time of zero, by assumption.

### Problem VI.2.e

Note that in an optimal solution, holding a safety stock at a stage is equivalent to setting the outgoing service time to zero.

### Problem VI.2.f

We will now consider a configuration in which each stage selects the slow option and only stage 4 will hold a safety stock. That is, stages 1,2, and 3 hold a zero safety stock. For this model, a stage will hold zero safety stock when we set its outgoing service time equal to its incoming service time plus the process lead time.

What are the outgoing service times for each stage, assuming each stage selects the slow option?

### Problem VI.2.h

Suppose we consider a configuration where each stage selects the slow option, and we require stage 4 to hold a safety stock (that is, S4 = 0). Determine the service times for stages 1, 2, and 3 that will minimize the total landed cost of this configuration.

What are the service times?

Hint: remember that the optimal service time is either zero or equal to the replenishment time for the stage; hence you need only evaluate 2^3 = 8 possible settings for these service times.

Now use the spreadsheet to identify the supply chain configuration that minimizes the response time (i.e., chooses the fastest option at each stage).

### Problem VI.2.

Suppose each stage now holds a safety stock (service time = 0). What is the total landed cost?

### Problem VI.2.j

For the configuration in which each stage selects the fast option, suppose that only stage 4 will hold a safety stock. That is, stages 1,2 and 3 hold a zero safety stock.

What are the outgoing service times for each stage, assuming each stage selects the fast option?

### Problem VI.2.

Suppose we consider a configuration where each stage selects the fast option, and we require stage 4 to hold a safety stock (that is, S4 = 0). Determine the service times for stages 1, 2, and 3 that will minimize the total landed cost of this configuration.

What are the service times?

Hint: remember that the optimal service time is either zero or equal to the replenishment time for the stage; hence you need only evaluate 2^3 = 8 possible settings for these service times.

Stage 1

Stage 2:

stage 3:

Stage 4

Total landed cost:

Use the spreadsheet to optimize supply chain configuration cost, defined as the selected options and safety stock levels that minimize total landed cost to answer the following questions:

(Note: for each stage there are 2 configuration options, slow or fast, so you have 2^4 = 16 possible configurations. You also have 2^3 = 8 possible safety stock placement strategies. So, in theory, there are 16*8 = 144 possible configurations to consider. However, from the prior examples, you should now have a good idea as to what the best safety stock placement strategy is; you can use this insight to reduce the number of combinations that you consider.)

### Problem VI.2.o

For this configuration, what are the outgoing service times?

Stage 4:

### Problem VI.2.p

If the cost of fast option for stage 1 (RM) drops to \$160 while its leadtime remains 20 days, would you choose the fast option?

No

### Problem VI.2.r

In the solution for 2.q, select all the stages that hold a safety stock.