Imaging: Seeing Inside the Mind

Imaging: Seeing Inside the Mind

Neuroimaging techniques allow us to look inside the working mind and determine normal and abnormal structure and function, as well as “see” drug effects. There are many types of imaging techniques, each of which has benefits and drawbacks (depending on what you are examining). In addition, some techniques can be used in animals and humans, some techniques are only used in animals.

Submit by Day 7 a 2- to 3-page paper on one of the following topics:

  • Research and select a current peer-reviewed journal article that reviews a neuroimaging technique other than positron emission tomography/ single photon emission computed tomography (PET/SPECT) or magnetic resonance imaging/functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI/fMRI).
    • Summarize the findings in the article (you selected to research) and address the issue of knowledge gained.
    • Explain any potential benefits the technology you chose may have over current technologies?


  • Research and select a current peer-reviewed journal article that reviews imaging or other brain analysis techniques that are only available for animals.
    • Explain why this technique is not available for humans, as well as the technique’s potential benefits— if it could be used on humans.
    • Provide detail on why this technique is used and the information that can be obtained from it.

Support your Assignment with specific references to the Learning Resources and any additional references you used.


  • Advokat, C. D., & Comaty, J. E., & Julien, R. M. (2019). Julien’s primer of drug action: A comprehensive guide to the actions, uses, and side effects of psychoactive drugs (14th ed.). New York, NY: Worth Publishers/Macmillan.
    • Chapter 2, “The Neuron, Synaptic Transmission, and Neurotransmitters” (pp. 39-68)
  • Lichtblau, L. (2011). Psychopharmacology demystified (1st ed.). Clifton Park, NY: Delmar/Cengage Learning.
    • Chapter 1, “Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology” (pp. 1–20)
      Note: Read first as a refresher. The Licthblau text is intended as a general refresher in biopsychology and pharmacology. Please refer to it as needed throughout the course.
  • Hancock, S. D, & McKim, W. A. (2018). Drugs and behavior: An introduction to behavioral pharmacology (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
    • Chapter 4, “Neurophysiology, Neurotransmitters, and the Nervous System” (pp. 50-84)
  • Kenemans, J. L., & Kähkönen, S. (2011). How human electrophysiology informs psychopharmacology: From bottom-up driven processing to top-down control. Neuropsychopharmacology, 36(1), 26–51.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Murnane, K. S., & Howell, L. L. (2011). Neuroimaging and drug taking in primates. Psychopharmacology, 216(2), 153–171.
  • Warbrick, T., Mobascher, A., Brinkmeyer, J., Musso, F., Stoecker, T., Shah, N. J., Vossel, S., & Winterer, G. (2011). Direction and magnitude of nicotine effects on the fMRI BOLD response are related to nicotine effects on behavioral performance. Psychopharmacology, 215(2): 333–344.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.


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