Kijiji Tutors

Arab Open University Business Essay

Managing Across Organizational & Cultural Boundaries B325

Tutor Monitoring Assignment

Fall 2021


TMA introduction

Public sector is a significant part of the economy. It provides or should provide essential services such as electricity, education, healthcare, public transportation, etc. However, public administrations are considered as being inefficient compared to private administrations. They face many challenges such as inefficient management, lack of efficiency, delayed decisions, lack of innovation, excessive government control, mounting losses, political interference, under-utilization of capacity, difficulty blending multiple personalities into a cohesive and unified team, poor communication and feedback, etc.

What you need to consider before you start your TMA

Before starting your TMA, make sure to do your own research and ensure that the information needed for this TMA is available. This is very important since this TMA does not only rely on course material but on external resources that you will be choosing and referring to answer the question.


Choose from your local context ONE public administration that you see is struggling and draft a proposal for a public-private collaboration to help this administration overcome its challenges. The proposal needs to include a clear introduction of the chosen public administration and private company. It needs to clearly identify the bases for collaborative advantage, the main aims, and reflect on any challenges/episodes that this collaboration might face and how it can be overcome (word limit: 2000 words).

Hint: in your proposal, you need to consider the following:

  • B325 relevant course material: bases for collaborative advantage, types of goals, too challenging goals, and different types of episodes.
  • Clearly define the chosen public administration, the challenges it is facing and why you consider there is a need for a collaboration.
  • Clearly identify the private organization that you propose to collaborate with the chosen public administration and what it can offer to improve based on such collaboration.
  • You may refer to other collaborations as a guidance but you must propose a totally new collaboration and not rely on previous ones already established.
  • You have a plus or minus 10% with regard to word count.
  • Pay attention: do not to copy information as is whether from the course material or the case. You are to provide a discussion and demonstrate understanding of various concepts and not just list and describe.
  • YOU MUST REFER TO B325 COURSE MATERIAL AND TO EXTERNAL RESOURCES. External resources chosen public administration website, chosen private company, reports about similar collaborations, etc.
  • Remember to cite your sources in the text and to prepare a table of references at the end.
  • Referring to course material alone is not enough. Referring to external resources alone is not enough. You need to use the course material as the base to explore and explain the information in the chosen external resources.



  • Cut-off date: Specific date to be specified later by deanship. If you feel that you are unable to meet the cut-off date of the TMA because of unusual circumstances, please contact your tutor as soon as possible to discuss a possible extension to the cut-off date. The exact cut-off date will be assigned in due course.
  • Course material:
  • Format: Write your answers in essay format. Failing to do so could result in grade deduction from presentation marks up to 5 marks. You may, however, use bullet points, diagrams, tables, or any graphs to support your arguments.
  • Plagiarism: Write your answers using your own words. Plagiarism will be penalized depending on its severity and according to AOU plagiarism policy (Enclosed after these instructions you will find the Arab Open University Rules of Cheating and Plagiarism).
  • Word count: Answers are expected to be within +/- 10% of the word limit. Answers that fall below or above this range can lose up to 5 marks.
  • Referencing: Use Harvard referencing style for in-text citation and make a table of references at the end. Failing to do so could result grade deduction of referencing marks up to 5 marks.
  • Research: Use a minimum of two additional sources of information. It is strongly recommended that you use scholarly articles found in the E-library at LMS. You can lose up to 5 marks if you do not use at least two external sources. In addition, although text books assigned in the course may be used freely as references, you are required to use a minimum of 2 external sources. It is recommended that you use scholarly studies found in the E-library link at the LMS. Failing to do so could result in grade deduction of referencing marks up to 5 marks. If you do not find required additional information at the e-library, you can always refer to Google scholar.

TMA weight: 20% of total course grade.

  • Chapters 1, 2, 3 and 7.

The Arab Open University Rules about Plagiarism

The Arab Open University Definitions of cheating and plagiarism

According to the Arab Open University By-laws, “The following acts represent studies of cheating and plagiarism:

  • Verbatim copying of printed material and submitting them as part of TMAs without proper academic acknowledgement and documentation.
  • Verbatim copying of material from the Internet, including tables and graphics.
  • Copying other students’ notes or reports.
  • Using paid or unpaid material prepared for the student by individuals or firms.
  • Utilization of, or proceeding to utilize, contraband materials or devices in examinations.”

Examples of Plagiarism

Copying from a single or multiple sources, this is where the student uses one or more of the following as the basis for the whole, or a good part, of the assignment:

  • Published or unpublished books, studies or reports
  • The Internet
  • The media (e.g.TV programmes, radio programmes or newspaper studies)
  • An essay from an essay bank
  • A piece of work previously submitted by another student
  • Copying from a text which is about to be submitted for the same assignment

Company: Adidas

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *